ORTHOPEDY AND TRAUMATOLOGY
It is a medicine branch which examines all the diseases and injuries of all joints, bones, muscles and related tissues in the body and performs the treatment of these diseases. Orthopedics and traumatology is divided into many categories.
• Spine Surgery
The disease that occurs when the spine is curved forward. Hump can be congenital, or may occur for later reasons. The kyphosis, which is explained as the curve of the spine more than 50 – 55 degrees forward, should be treated with appropriate treatment. Although the progression of the disease can be stopped with corset use at low grades, surgical treatment is absolutely necessary in high degree kyphosis patients.
Scoliosis is the sideways curvature of the spine that can be seen in the chest or waist. Also it can be seen with kyphosis (kyphoscoliosis). In lower grades corset treatment can be applied, but in more severe cases surgical treatment is required by a specialist orthopedic surgeon in the field.
Spinal Disc Herniation-Cervical Disc Hernia:
It occurs because of tears and deterioration of discs that are located in spine. In recent years, microsurgical technique under microscope has been used especially in patients who need surgery.
• Trauma surgery
Physical injuries, especially bone fractures, muscle injuries and limb fractures, are the topics of the trauma surgery department.
• Knee Surgery and Arthroscopic Surgery
Arthroscopy is the minimal surgical method used to diagnose and treat joint related diseases. Numerous treatment procedures from two small holes are successfully accomplished by arthroscopy, which can now be applied even to small joints.
• Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery
Hand surgery; Hand, wrist, forearm, elbow disease and injuries, some injuries and diseases of the shoulder. Nerve, vein and tendon repair of hand, finger and arm. Congenital disorders of the upper extremity, diagnosis and treatment of brachial plexus injuries. Surgical treatments of the vessels and nerves in these parts need to be performed from the operating microscope and magnifying the surgical field and tissues using thin-tipped micro instruments.
• Foot-ankle surgery
The treatment of foot and ankle-related diseases are the another branch of orthopaedics.
• Orthopedic Oncology
Orthopedic Oncology covers the medical and surgical treatment of all types of tumors of the extremities, especially all bones, muscles and soft tissues. If bone tumors are benign, they cannot spread other organs but they may still weaken bone, if they are malignant then they may spread other organs as well.
• Deformity Surgery and Limb Lengthening
It’s an orthopedics branch for limb lengthening, correction of bone curvatures, arm and leg length equalization, and human posture correction. Devices and apparatuses are used for shortness, curvature and nonunion in bones based on internal or external fixation principles.
• Pediatric orthopedics
Pediatric Ortopedics covers the muscle and skeletal system diseases of children under 16 years old which are congenital or occurs later. It is also covers diagnosis and treatment of fractures, dislocations, gait abnormalities, foot problems, pes ekino varus (clubfoot), pes planus (flat footed) and hip dislocation of patients in this age group.